What is whole-body cryotherapy and what is it for?
The corporal cryotherapy or whole body cryotherapy has become during the last years one of the most demanded treatments in health, beauty and well-being centers. On this page we explain what cryotherapy is and what its main applications are today.
Whole body cryotherapy is based on neuroreflexive processes induced by the intense and brief effect of extreme cold on the body surface. This explains why its undoubted therapeutic consequences not only benefit the areas where it is applied, but also the deeper tissues.
The treatment of whole body cryotherapy is based on the benefits that the application of the intense cold in short periods of time has on the organism. In cryosauna, the body is exposed to temperatures between -150ºC and -180ºC for 3 minutes. In spite of the cold, the sensation for the user is pleasant, since the treatment releases endorphins that generate a sensation of well-being.
The cold, used in a controlled way, produces different reactions in our body, from pain relief and inflammation to combat body flaccidity or eliminate warts. Multiple applications that explain its use both in medicine and aesthetics.
Whole Body Cryotherapy: a new way to lose weight
Why is cryotherapy useful for to loss weight? It may seem strange to eliminate fat using cold, but it is possible, and the explanation is in our metabolism.
Fat tissue is made up of adipocytes (cells that accumulate fat in your cytoplasm). There are three types of adipocytes:
White adipocytes: they form the subcutaneous fat that accumulates to store energy.
Brown adipocytes form brown fat, which is used to produce heat and maintain body temperature.
Beige adipocytes: a recently discovered type of adipocyte. It is midway between whites and browns and is believed to have thermogenic functions as well.
For the body to function normally our body must maintain a stable temperature between 36 and 37 degrees (degree up degree down). When the ambient temperature decreases, the body responds by burning the fat in the brown adipocytes to generate heat. If there is no brown fat available, you can also use the other types of adipocytes.
This thermogenic mechanism is the basis for the use of cryotherapy to burn fat. The temperatures reached in the cryotherapy chamber force the metabolism to work to maintain heat, thus helping to lose weight. In short, we can say that cold slimming because it forces our body to burn fat to warm up.
Cryosense is therefore a great alternative for those seeking a treatment to lose weight naturally.
Whole body cryotherapy benefits for health
- Bronchial asthma
- Immune-mediated disorders
- Atopic dermatitis
- Chronic pain
- Ankylosing spondylitis
- Multiple sclerosis
- Equilibrium and coordination of movement
- Child brain paralysis
- Syndrome of the spine
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Sleep disorders
- Insomnia Primary
- Insomnia Secondary
- Stress, anxiety or depression
The effects of whole body cryotherapy can be summarized in the following:
– Pain relief.
– Inhibition of inflammation and Immuno-modulation.
– Effect on the musculoskeletal system.
– Functional improvement of the joints.
– Regulation of the activity of the central nervous system, feeling of well-being.
Prof. Dr. sc. Med. Winfried Papenfuβ. 2005. Power from the Cold. Regensburg-Germany. Edition K.
Joch W, Jonas L, Nöker K, Papenfuss W, Samborski W, Savalli L,… Werner J. 2006. Consensous Declaration on Whole Body Cryotherapy. Second Austrian Symposium on WBCT. Bad Vöslau Health Resort.
Garcia E, Peláez C, Pérez J. 2012. Eficacia de la Electroanalgesia con Crioterapia en la Sacrolumbalgia. Rev. Cub. Med. Dep. & Cul. Fis. Vol 7, Núm 1
Gutiérrez H, Lavado I, Méndez S. 2010. Revisión sistemática sobre el efecto analgésico de la crioterapia en el manejo del dolor de origen músculo esquelético. Rev. Soc. Esp. Dolor. 17(5):242-252.
Stanek A, Cieślar G , StrzelcAzyk J, Kasperczyk S, Sieroń-Stoltny K, Wiczkowski A, BirknerE , Sieroń A. 2010. Influence of Cryogenic Temperatures on Inflammatory Markers in Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis. Polish J. of Environ. Stud. Vol 19, No. 1; 167-175.
Bettoni L, Bonomi FG, Zani V, Manisco L, Indelicato A, Lanteri P, Banfi G, Lombardi G. (2013) Effects of 15 consecutive cryotherapy sessions on the clinical output of fibromyalgic patients. Clinical Rheumatology 32:1337-1345
Bleakley Ch, Bieuzen F, Davison G, Costello J. 2014. Whole Body Cryotherapy: empirical evidence and theoretical perspectives. Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine. 5; 25-36
Guthenbrunner Chr. Cold Chamber Exposures (-67.3ºC, 3 min) in Fibromyalgia síndromes.
Kargus D, Blum K, Tauber T, Teuber J, Bayreuth. Studies on Whole Body Cryotherapy. Whole Body Cryotherapy in Inflammatory and non-inflammatory Rheumatic diseases.
Hermann J. 2009. Cryotherapy. Z Rheumatology Journal. 68(7):539-541.
Hirvonen H, Mikkelsson M, Kautiainen H, Pohjolainene T, Leirisalo M. 2006. Effectiveness of different cryotherapies on pain and disease activity in active rheumatoid anthritis. A randomized single blinded controlled trial. Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology; 24:295-301.
Sarac A, Gur A. 2006. Complementary and alternative medical therapies in Fibromyalgia. Current Pharmaceutical Desing. Vol 12. No. 1: 47-57
Offenbächer M, Stucki G. 2000. Physical therapy in the treatment of fibromyalgia. Scandinavian journal of rheumatology Supplement. 113:78-85
Metzger D, Zwingmann C, Protz W, Jäckel WH. 2000. Whole body cryotherapy in rehabilitation of patients with rheumatoid diseases – pilot study. Rehabilitation (Stuttg); 39(2):93-100
Kurzeja RGutenbrunner C, Krohn Grimberghe B. 2003. Fibromyalgia: Comparison of whole body cryotherapy with two classical thermotherapy methods. Aktuelle Rheumatologie 28(3):158-163
Rymaszewska J, Ramsey D, Chladzinska S. 2008. Whole Body Cryotherapy as adjunct treatment of depresive and anxiety disorders. Arch. Inmunol.Ther. Exp. 56, 63-68.
Szczepariska-Gieracha J, Borsuk P, Pawik M, Rymaszewska J. 2013. Mental state and Quality of life after 10 session whole body cryotherapy. Psychol Health Med 19(1):40-6.