Whole Body cryotherapy

What is whole-body cryotherapy and what is it for?

Whole body cryotherapy is based on neuroreflexive processes induced by the intense and brief effect of extreme cold on the body surface. This explains why its undoubted therapeutic consequences not only benefit the areas where it is applied, but also the deeper tissues.

The effects of cryotherapy on health can be summarized into:

    • Relief of pain (even for chronic pain)
  • Inhibition of inflammation and immunomodulation
  • Effect on the musculoskeletal system
  • Functional improvement of the joints
  • Regulation of central nervous system activity
  • Sense of well-being

1. DERMATOLOGICAL

1.1. Psoriasis

1.2. Atopic Diseases:

Atopic dermatitis / Neurodermatitis

4. IMMUNOLOGICAL

4.1. Fibromyalgia

4.2. Immune-mediated inflammatory disorders

4.3. Rheumatoid arthritis

2.  SKELETAL MUSCLE SYSTEM

2.1. Ankylosing Spondylitis

2.2. Osteoarthritis

2.3. Spine syndrome

2.4 Tendinopathies

5. NEUROLOGICAL

5.1. Multiple sclerosis

5.2. Balance and coordination of movement

3. NERVOUS SYSTEM

3.1. Chronic pain

3.2. Sleep disorders

3.2.1. Primary Insomnia

3.2.2. Secondary Insomnia

3.3. Mental health

What is the benefit of cryotherapy in health?

  • Bronchial asthma
  • Immune-mediated disorders
  • Psoriasis
  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Neurodermatitis
  • Arthrosis
  • Chronic pain
  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Equilibrium and coordination of movement
  • Child brain paralysis
  • Syndrome of the spine
  • Tendinopathies
  • Fibromialgia
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Sleep disorders
  • Insomnia Primary
  • Insomnia Secondary
  • Stress, anxiety or depression

The effects of cryotherapy can be summarized in the following:

– Pain relief.
– Inhibition of inflammation and Immuno-modulation.
– Effect on the musculoskeletal system.
– Functional improvement of the joints.
– Regulation of the activity of the central nervous system, feeling of well-being.

Prof. Dr. sc. Med. Winfried Papenfuβ. 2005. Power from the Cold. Regensburg-Germany. Edition K.

Joch W, Jonas L, Nöker K, Papenfuss W, Samborski W, Savalli L,… Werner J.  2006. Consensous Declaration on Whole Body Cryotherapy. Second Austrian Symposium on WBCT. Bad Vöslau Health Resort.

Garcia E, Peláez C, Pérez J. 2012. Eficacia de la Electroanalgesia con Crioterapia en la Sacrolumbalgia. Rev. Cub. Med. Dep. & Cul. Fis. Vol 7, Núm 1

Gutiérrez H, Lavado I, Méndez S. 2010. Revisión sistemática sobre el efecto analgésico de la crioterapia en el manejo del dolor de origen músculo esquelético. Rev. Soc. Esp. Dolor. 17(5):242-252.

Stanek  A, Cieślar  G , StrzelcAzyk  J,  Kasperczyk S,  Sieroń-Stoltny K,  Wiczkowski A,  BirknerE ,  Sieroń  A. 2010. Influence of Cryogenic Temperatures on Inflammatory Markers in Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis. Polish J. of Environ. Stud. Vol 19, No. 1; 167-175.

Bettoni L, Bonomi FG, Zani V, Manisco L, Indelicato A, Lanteri P, Banfi G, Lombardi G. (2013) Effects of 15 consecutive cryotherapy sessions on the clinical output of fibromyalgic patients. Clinical Rheumatology 32:1337-1345

Bleakley Ch, Bieuzen F, Davison G, Costello J.  2014. Whole Body Cryotherapy: empirical evidence and theoretical perspectives. Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine. 5; 25-36

Guthenbrunner Chr. Cold Chamber Exposures (-67.3ºC, 3 min) in Fibromyalgia síndromes.

Kargus D, Blum K, Tauber T, Teuber J, Bayreuth. Studies on Whole Body Cryotherapy. Whole Body Cryotherapy in Inflammatory and non-inflammatory Rheumatic diseases.

Hermann J. 2009. Cryotherapy. Z Rheumatology Journal. 68(7):539-541.

Hirvonen H, Mikkelsson M, Kautiainen H, Pohjolainene T, Leirisalo M. 2006. Effectiveness of different cryotherapies on pain and disease activity in active rheumatoid anthritis. A randomized single blinded controlled trial. Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology; 24:295-301.

Sarac A, Gur A. 2006. Complementary and alternative medical therapies in Fibromyalgia. Current Pharmaceutical Desing. Vol 12. No. 1: 47-57

Offenbächer M, Stucki G. 2000. Physical therapy in the treatment of fibromyalgia. Scandinavian journal of rheumatology Supplement. 113:78-85

Metzger D, Zwingmann C, Protz W, Jäckel WH. 2000. Whole body cryotherapy in rehabilitation of patients with rheumatoid diseases – pilot study. Rehabilitation (Stuttg); 39(2):93-100

Kurzeja RGutenbrunner C, Krohn Grimberghe B. 2003. Fibromyalgia: Comparison of whole body cryotherapy with two classical thermotherapy methods. Aktuelle Rheumatologie 28(3):158-163

Rymaszewska J, Ramsey D, Chladzinska S. 2008. Whole Body Cryotherapy as adjunct treatment of depresive and anxiety disorders. Arch. Inmunol.Ther. Exp. 56, 63-68.

Szczepariska-Gieracha J, Borsuk P, Pawik M, Rymaszewska J. 2013. Mental state and Quality of life after 10 session whole body cryotherapy. Psychol Health Med 19(1):40-6.

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